pandemic 

 pan- is a Greek prefix that often means all

 -dem- comes from a Greek word meaning peopledemos 

 -ic as a suffix forms an adjective & means pertaining to 

 prefix + root = all + people + pertaining to 

 = pertaining to all people ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 adjective 

 Synonym(s): 

 widespread 

 disease  

 Sample usage: 

 Diseases are considered pandemic when they affect an entire country or the whole world. 

 translucent 

 trans- is a Latin prefix meaning through 

 -luc- comes from a Latin word meaning lightlux 

 -ent as a suffix creates an adjective & means causing/allowing 

 prefix + root + suffix = through + light + allowing 

 = allowing light through ✓

 Part of speech: 

 adjective 

 Synonym(s): 

 semi-transparent 

 see-through 

 Sample usage: 

 Translucent dividers separated the test-takers and allowed only light and shadows to be seen from the other side. 

 equanimity 

 equa- comes from a Latin word meaning evenaequus 

 -anim- comes from a Latin word meaning spiritanimus 

 -ity as a suffix creates an noun & means a state of 

 prefix + root + suffix = even + spirit + a state of 

 = a state of evenness of spirit ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 noun 

 Synonym(s): 

 composure 

 serenity 

 calm 

 Sample usage: 

 Students of meditation may practice noticing moments in which they experience equanimity; improving awareness of when the spirit is calm helps develop sharper focus. 

 herbivorous 

 herbi- comes from a Latin word meaning plantherbis 

 -vor- comes from a Latin word meaning to eatvorare 

 -ous as a suffix creates an adjective & means full of 

 prefix + root + suffix = plant + to eat + full of 

 = plant-eating ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 adjective 

 Synonym(s): 

 anti-carnivorous 

 vegetarian 

 Sample usage: 

 Many ancient humans were largely herbivorous. Indeed, plants are more plentiful, easier to collect, and more reliable sources of energy. 

 circumspect 

 circum- is a Latin prefix meaning around 

 -spect comes from a Latin word meaning to watch/lookspectare 

 prefix + root = around + to look + full of 

 = full of looking around; wary ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 adjective 

 Synonym(s): 

 prudent 

 careful 

 Sample usage: 

 Keeping a circumspect attitude is ideal when filling in a bubble sheet, as extra focus helps students avoid making careless errors. 

 delegate 

 de- is a Latin prefix that often means down 

 -leg- comes from a Latin word meaning to appointlegare 

 -ate as a suffix creates a verb & means to act by 

 prefix + root + suffix = down + to appoint + to act by 

 = to act by appointing down ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 verb 

 Synonym(s): 

 designate 

 assign 

 Sample usage: 

 The ability to delegate allows true leaders to focus on the tasks they're most suited for by selecting others to work on the rest. 

 philanthropy 

 phil- comes from a Greek word meaning lovingphilos 

 -anthr- comes from a Greek word meaning mananthropos 

 -opy as a suffix creates a noun & means vision-related 

 prefix + root + suffix = loving + man + vision 

 = vision of loving of man; generosity ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 noun 

 Synonym(s): 

 altruism 

 charity 

 Sample usage: 

 Demonstrating interest in philanthropy strengthens college applications, as it shows how students value spending their time helping others. 

 homogenize 

 homo- comes from a Greek word meaning samehomos 

 -gen- comes from a Greek word meaning kindgenos 

 -ize as a suffix creates a verb & means make to be 

 prefix + root + suffix = same + kind + make to be 

 = make to be the same kind ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 verb 

 Synonym(s): 

 integrate 

 blend 

 Sample usage: 

 The SAT and ACT attempt to homogenize and test high school academic standards nationwide. 

 elapse 

 e- is a Latin prefix that often means away from 

 -lapse- comes from a Latin word meaning to sliplapsare 

 prefix + root = away + to slip 

 = to slip away ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 verb 

 Synonym(s): 

 pass by 

 expire 

 Sample usage: 

 Whenever possible on timed assignments, it's helpful to leave a few minutes to check over your answers before time elapses

 helicopter 

 helico- comes from a Greek word meaning spiralhelikos 

 -pter comes from a Greek word meaning wingpteron 

 prefix + root = spiral + wing 

 = spiral wing ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 noun 

 Synonym(s): 

 flying machine 

 hovercraft  

 Sample usage: 

 Parents who are over-involved to a fault are sometimes described as helicopters, due to their incessant hovering. 

 contract 

 con- is a Latin prefix that often means together 

 -tract comes from a Latin word meaning to drawtrahare 

 prefix + root = together + to draw 

 = to draw together ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 verb 

 Synonym(s): 

 shorten 

 lessen 

 Sample usage: 

  If you're expecting a sudden temperature drop, you can watch your skin contract into goosebumps that help you stay warm

 deluge 

 de- as a prefix often means away 

 -luge comes from the Latin word for to wash, lavare 

 prefix + root = away to wash 

 = to wash away ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 verb 

 Synonym(s): 

 inundate 

 overwhelm 

 Sample usage: 

 To avoid feeling deluged by new information, it's helpful to break an overwhelming subject down into smaller sections to approach at your own pace. 

 succulent 

 succ- comes from a Latin word meaning juice, succus 

 -ulent forms an adjective & means full of 

 prefix + root = juice + full of 

 = juicy ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 adjective 

 Synonym(s): 

 luscious 

 fleshy 

 Sample usage: 

 Thanks to their water-retaining nature, succulent plants — like cacti — are great choices for forgetful gardeners. 

 gravity 

 grav- comes from a Latin word meaning heavygravis 

 -ity as a suffix creates an noun & means a state of 

 root + suffix = heavy + a state of 

 = heaviness ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 noun 

 Synonym(s): 

 seriousness 

 importance 

 weight 

 Sample usage: 

 Students who experience test anxiety feel the difference in gravity between a practice test and a real test more strongly. 

 patriotic 

 patri- comes from a Latin word meaning loyal to one's own countrypatriotikos 

 -otic as a suffix forms an adjective & means relating to 

 root + suffix = loyal to one's country + related to 

 = relating to national loyalty ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 verb 

 Synonym(s): 

 nationalistic 

 loyal 

 Sample usage: 

  Patriotic symbols often include a country's national bird, flower, and colors. 

 desiccate 

 de- is a Latin prefix that often means totally 

 -siccate comes from a Latin word meaning to drysiccare 

 prefix + root = totally + to dry 

 = to dry completely ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 verb 

 Synonym(s): 

 dehydrate 

 parch 

 Sample usage: 

 In wintertime, it's helpful to use moisturizer to prevent your skin from feeling desiccated by the cold, harsh air. 

 nostalgia 

 nost- comes from a Greek word meaning homecomingnostos 

 -algia comes from a Greek word meaning painalgos 

 prefix + root = homecoming + pain 

 = yearning or pain related to the past ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 noun 

 Synonym(s): 

 homesickness 

 longing  

 Sample usage: 

 Rediscovering favorite books or activities from childhood can be a pleasant way of indulging nostalgia

 insalubrious 

 in- as a prefix often means not 

 -salubri- comes from the Latin word for healthsalus 

 -ous as a suffix creates an adjective & means full of 

 prefix + root + suffix = not health full of 

 = unhealthy ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 adjective 

 Synonym(s): 

 unwholesome 

 Sample usage: 

 When eating a meal on a test day morning, be sure to avoid insalubrious foods and give your body plenty of healthy energy instead. 

 dissonance 

 dis- comes from a Latin prefix meaning bad 

 -son- comes from a Latin word meaning soundsonare 

 -ance as a suffix creates a noun & means a state of 

 prefix + root + suffix = bad + sound + a state of 

 = a state of bad sound ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 noun 

 Synonym(s): 

 discord 

 disharmony 

 Sample usage: 

 Many test-takers experience dissonance when someone nearby makes a distracting noise. 

 consecutive 

 con- is a Latin prefix that often means together with 

 -secut- comes from a Latin word meaning to follow, secutus 

 -ive as a suffix creates an adjective & means relating to 

 prefix + root + suffix = together with + to follow + relating to 

 = relating to following together ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 adjective 

 Synonym(s): 

 sequential 

 following 

 Sample usage: 

 In math, "consecutive" describes numbers that come right after one another. (1, 2, 3...) 

 fragment 

 frag- comes from a Latin word meaning to breakfractere 

 -ment as a suffix often creates a noun & means a state of 

 root + suffix = to break + a state of 

 = a state of being broken ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 noun 

 Synonym(s): 

 piece 

 shard 

 Sample usage: 

 If even a fragment of a multiple choice answer option seems different from what you read, eliminate that answer choice

 metamorphosis 

 meta- is a Greek prefix that often means change 

 -morph- comes from a Greek word meaning shapemorphe 

 -osis as a suffix creates an adjective & means state of 

 prefix + root + suffix = change + shape + state of 

 = state of changing shape ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 noun 

 Synonym(s): 

 transformation 

 change 

 Sample usage: 

 The metamorphosis of a caterpillar is a strange process: it completely liquifies in the cocoon before transforming into a butterfly. 

 benefactor 

 bene- is a Latin prefix that often means good 

 -fact- comes from a Latin word meaning to dofacere 

 -or as a suffix creates an noun & means thing which 

 prefix + root + suffix = good + to do + thing which 

 = thing which does good ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 adjective 

 Synonym(s): 

 supporter 

 philanthropist 

 patron 

 Sample usage: 

 The mysterious benefactor always made donations anonymously. 

 magnanimous 

 magn- is a Latin prefix that often means large 

 -anim- comes from a Latin word meaning spiritanimus 

 -ous as a suffix creates an adjective & means full of 

 prefix + root + suffix = large + spirit + full of 

 = full of large spirit ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 adjective 

 Synonym(s): 

 big-hearted 

 unselfish 

 Sample usage: 

 The magnanimous teacher was so dedicated to her students that she made sure to return each graded assignment the very next class. 

 mellifluous 

 melli- comes from a Latin word meaning honeymel 

 -flu- comes from a Latin word meaning to flowfluere 

 -ous as a suffix creates an adjective & means full of 

 prefix + root + suffix = honey + to flow sweetly + full of 

 = full of flowing honey ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 adjective 

 Synonym(s): 

 harmonious 

 Sample usage: 

 The mellifluous instrumental music calmed their nerves and made it easier to study. 

 invidious 

 in- is a Latin prefix that often means against 

 -vidi- comes from a Latin word meaning to see/lookvidere 

 -ous as a suffix creates an adjective & means full of 

 prefix + root + suffix = against + to look + full of 

 = full of looking against; hateful ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 adjective 

 Synonym(s): 

 defamatory 

 spiteful 

 Sample usage: 

 When taking a test, rarely will an answer that seems invidious be the correct choice. If an answer seems offensive, it's a good one to eliminate. 

 phototropic 

 photo- comes from a Greek word meaning lightphos 

 -trop- comes from a Greek word meaning to turntropein 

 -ic as a suffix creates an adjective & means pertaining to 

 prefix + root + suffix = light + to turn + pertaining to 

 = tending to turn toward light ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 adjective 

 Synonym(s): 

 light-orienting 

 Sample usage: 

Sunflowers are named both for their appearance and phototropic nature; when the sun is hidden by clouds, they turn toward each other. 

 corpulent 

 corp- comes from a Latin word meaning bodycorpus 

 -ulent as a suffix creates an adjective & means full of 

 prefix + root + suffix = body + full of 

 = full of body ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 adjective 

 Synonym(s): 

 obese 

 fat 

 Sample usage: 

 Before hibernating, bears become quite corpulent; they must put on weight to use as energy during the winter. 

 abjure 

 ab- is a Latin prefix that often means off of/away from 

 -jure- comes from a Latin word meaning to swear/vowiurare 

 prefix + root = off of + swear 

 = swear off of ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 verb 

 Synonym(s): 

 withdraw 

 renounce 

 recant 

 Sample usage: 

 Unless another animal speeds up, the cheetah will not have to abjure its title as the fastest land mammal. 

 tropical 

 trop- comes from a Greek word meaning to turntropein 

 -ical forms an adjective & means relating to 

 root + suffix = to turn + relating to 

 = relating to turning ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 adjective 

 Synonym(s): 

 verdant 

 lush 

 Sample usage: 

 Picturing a serene, tropical oasis can be a pleasant way to  meditate before a stressful event. 

 intertwine 

 inter- as a prefix often means between  

 -twine comes from a Old Norse word meaning to doubletvinna 

 prefix + root = between + to double 

 = to double between ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 verb 

 Synonym(s): 

 twist together 

 interlace 

 Sample usage: 

 The groundskeeper loves the way the vines intertwine in a serpentine design up the stone walls of the castle. 

 skeletal 

 skele- comes from a Greek word meaning boneskeles 

 -tal forms an adjective & means relating to 

 root + suffix = bone + relating to 

 = relating to bone ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 adjective 

 Synonym(s): 

 bony 

 Sample usage: 

 Skeletal remains are valuable repositories of information about creatures that have passed away. 

 bisect 

 bi- comes from a Latin word meaning two 

 -sect comes from a Latin word meaning to cutsecare 

 prefix + root = two + to cut 

 = to cut in two ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 verb 

 Synonym(s): 

 halve 

 Sample usage: 

 If you stand in the right spot at the beach, the horizon will appear to bisect the sky and the distant ocean. 

 aquatic 

 aqua- comes from a Latin word meaning wateraqua 

 -tic as a suffix forms an adjective & means relating to 

 root + suffix = water+ relating to 

 = water-related ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 adjective 

 Synonym(s): 

 amphibious 

 Sample usage: 

 While aquatic life has been the subject of study for millenia, we are still discovering new species to this day. 

 epidemic 

 epi- is a Greek prefix that often means upon  

 -demic comes from a Greek word meaning peopledemos 

 -ic as a suffix forms an adjective & means pertaining to 

 prefix + root + suffix = upon  + people + pertaining to 

 = pertaining to being on people ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 adjective 

 Synonym(s): 

 pestilent 

 Sample usage: 

 By containing a highly-contagious, epidemic disease in time, regions can protect larger areas from the spread of infection. 

 endemic 

 en- as a prefix comes from Greek and means in  

 -dem- comes from a Greek word meaning peopledemos 

 -ic as a suffix forms an adjective & means pertaining to 

 root + suffix = in + people + pertaining to 

 = pertaining to a specific people ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 adjective 

 Synonym(s): 

 localized 

 native 

 Sample usage: 

 Plant species endemic to certain regions may have devastating effects when introduced to non-native environments. 

 epicenter 

 epi- is a Greek prefix that often means upon 

 -center comes from a Greek word meaning sharp pointkentron 

 root + suffix = upon + sharp point 

 = most intense point ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 noun 

 Synonym(s): 

 focus 

 Sample usage: 

 The damage was the worst near the epicenter of the earthquake, where the intensity was felt the most strongly. 

 pandemonium 

 pan- is a Greek prefix that often means all 

 -demonium comes from a Greek word meaning lesser demondeimonion 

 prefix + root = all + lesser demons 

 = state of chaos ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 noun 

 Synonym(s): 

 confusion 

 disorder 

 uproar  

 Sample usage: 

 Maintaining order and avoiding pandemonium is essential to keeping the peace in uncertain times. 

 levity 

 lev- comes from a Latin word meaning light (in weight), levis 

 -ity as a suffix creates a noun & means a state of 

 root + suffix = light + a state of 

 = lightness; lack of gravity ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 noun 

 Synonym(s): 

 frivolity 

 jollity 

 Sample usage: 

 When it's appropriate, levity is often welcome in essays. Many readers can relate to a piece of writing more when humor is used. 

 vaccinate 

 vaccin- comes from a Greek word meaning from cowsvaccinus 

 -ate as a suffix forms a verb and often means to produce 

 root + suffix = from cows + to produce  

 = to produce from cows ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 verb 

 Synonym(s): 

 immunize 

 inoculate 

 Sample usage: 

 In the early 1800s, cowpox was used to build immunity to smallpox and is where the bovine term "vaccinate" originates. 

 contagion 

 con- is a Latin prefix that often means together 

 -tag- comes from a Latin word meaning to touchtangere 

 -ion as a suffix creates a noun and means act of 

 prefix + root + suffix = together + to touch + act of 

 = touching together ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 noun 

 Synonym(s): 

 infection 

 disease 

 Sample usage: 

  Washing your hands thoroughly is an excellent way to avoid being infected by a contagion spread to you by a contaminated surface or person

 quarantine 

 quarantine comes from a Latin word meaning fortyquadraginta 

 root (+ historic context) = relating to the forty days a ship was kept in harbor to avoid spreading disease ✓ 

 Part of speech: 

 noun 

 Synonym(s): 

 isolation 

 seclusion 

 Sample usage: 

  Those found to be violating quarantine, and endangering the lives of others by potentially spreading a contagion, will likely be subject to legal consequences

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